Celebrating centenary of Jayachamaraja Wadiyar, Mysore Maharaja   

Illuminated Mysore Palace

India is celebrating the birth centenary of Jayachamaraja Wadiyar, the 25th Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore. In his comendation , President Ram Nath Kovind  described the Maharaja as an exceptional ruler,able administrator, music exponent, political thinker and philanthropist. 
Prince Wadiyar was only 21 when he lost his father, Narasimharaja Wadiyar, on 11th March, 1940, and he was duly anointed as the Yuvaraja. But only five months later, his uncle, Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar also died, and the Yuvaraja ascended the throne on 8th September, 1940. 
When India won independence, he was the first among the rulers of India’s princely states to accept the Instrument of Accession. The Maharaja signed it on 9th August, 1947 and the Union Government accepted it on 16th August. He should be thus regarded as the icon of India’s transition to democracy 
After the Accession the Maharaja held the position of Rajpramukh of the state of Mysore till 1st November 1956. Thanks to the popular demand, the President of India appointed him as the Governor of the newly formed state of Mysore the same day. (Mysore was later renamed as Karnataka in 1975). He held the position till 4th May, 1964.  
The  Maharaja gifted the magnificent Cheluvamba Mansion in Mysore to the Government to start the Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI). His similar donations helped the government set up the National Tuberculosis Institute in Bangalore and the All India Institute of Speech and Hearing at Mysore.   
(Text and pic courtesy: PIB/Rashtrapati Bhavan). 

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